There is precedent for the Federal Government mandating vaccinations, although that does not necessarily make it right.
George Washington mandated smallpox vaccinations for the Continental Army. Recently, the Supreme Court allowed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to mandate that health care workers, at facilities that accept federal funds, get a COVID-19 vaccine.
While it is important for Courts to review precedents, it is also important for them to question whether the precedents are constitutional in the first place.
The 9th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution states: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
I cannot think of a right that belongs to the people more than the right to choose how they care for their own bodies. Where in the Constitution does it authorize the federal government to force individuals to inject a foreign substance into their body? How can a government force free individuals to act in manner against their consciences?
The following is a link that spells out the enumerated powers of the federal government: https://www.foundingdefenders.org/articles/enumerated-powers-and-the-federal-government
There is nothing in the above link that indicates the Federal Government has the authority to force an individual to be vaccinated against their will.
To quote James Madison: “The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined.”
Nothing in the Constitution defines anything about authorizing the Federal government to exert force against an individual who does not consent to altering their own body. According to the 9th Amendment, all individual rights are reserved to the people, unless otherwise specified in the Constitution.
No Federal or State government should mandate anything that violates the individual rights of any American citizen. Everyone has the right to their own life, which necessarily implies the freedom to act using their own judgment so long as they don’t violate someone else’s right to their own life. If you believe it is in your best interest to be vaccinated, you have the free will and the right to make that choice. If vaccinations are effective against contracting a disease, you shouldn’t care if your neighbor chooses not to vaccinate. And if the vaccination you chose is not effective in protecting you, why should anyone else be forced to get it?